Justification of The Asian Literary Canon

Afriani Ndandaran, M. Hum

Abstract


The term "canon" is a term in question over time because it is considered incapable of answering a certainty about the criteria used in classifying literary works. The question arose from reasons such the neglect of some literary works which containing unacceptable topics politically or have no commercial values in the time of its publication. Furthermore, there is a work of literature that is not recognized because the author is not derived from the origin state or origin culture raised in his work. Seeing this, this research has sought to reveal the acceptable criteria in classifying literary works into a canon. The concept of canon used are based on Smyth, Kolbas, Lise, and Benton. Their thoughts are different but complete each other. The objects of this research are notable literary works from three different authors and countries. They are Arundhati Roy, Pramoedya A. Toer, and George Orwell. Each them contain different issues which represented the most common issues appear in Asian countries. Throughout the three works, the face of Asian is seen and the acceptable criteria are found. There are four criteria suggested in this research.They are: first, the work may contain cultural and moral values of Asian ; second, the work may inform ideologies and social of the Asian; Third, it may inform the historical value of Asian countries; and the last, it is already criticized and reviewed by others, in this case, researcher or readers.

Keywords: Canon, Asian literature, justification, Asian literary canon.

The term "canon" is a term in question over time because it is considered incapable of answering a certainty about the criteria used in classifying literary works. The question arose from reasons such the neglect of some literary works which containing unacceptable topics politically or have no commercial values in the time of its publication. Furthermore, there is a work of literature that is not recognized because the author is not derived from the origin state or origin culture raised in his work. Seeing this, this research has sought to reveal the acceptable criteria in classifying literary works into a canon. The concept of canon used are based on Smyth, Kolbas, Lise, and Benton. Their thoughts are different but complete each other. The objects of this research are notable literary works from three different authors and countries. They are Arundhati Roy, Pramoedya A. Toer, and George Orwell. Each them contain different issues which represented the most common issues appear in Asian countries. Throughout the three works, the face of Asian is seen and the acceptable criteria are found. There are four criteria suggested in this research.They are: first, the work may contain cultural and moral values of Asian ; second, the work may inform ideologies and social of the Asian; Third, it may inform the historical value of Asian countries; and the last, it is already criticized and reviewed by others, in this case, researcher or readers.

Keywords: Canon, Asian literature, justification, Asian literary canon.


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P-ISSN: 2598-1803
E-ISSN: 2581-2130