Error Analysis of Written English Compositions Produced by Pre-Intermediate EFL Learners

Desi Triswiyanti

Abstract


This study attempts to investigate the errors in a corpus of 26 English compositions written by 13 Indonesian pre-intermediate EFL learners. All the participants in this study are foreign company employers based in Yogyakarta Indonesia who join a short English course held by the company.  The instrument used for this study was participants’ written composition in English language. All of the errors in these compositions were identified and classified into different categorizations. The results show that the EFL learners in this study committed fifteen errors. These errors are S-V agreement (17.8%), capitalization (16%), article (13.2%), spelling (8.7%), punctuation (7.8%), omission/addition of to be (7.3 %), word choice (6.3%), gerund/infinitive (5.9%), plurality (3.7%), verb tense (3.7%), modal (3.2%), pronoun (2.3%), preposition (1.8%), negative (1.4%), and sentence fragment (0.9%).  There is the hope that the paper helps EFL teachers to become familiar with the most frequent errors committed by EFL learners and to adopt appropriate teaching strategies to help the learners learn better.
Keywords:  second language acquisition, error analysis, composition, writing

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P-ISSN: 2598-1803
E-ISSN: 2581-2130