UJI DAYA HAMBAT MINYAK SAWIT (CPO), BAWANG PUTIH, DAN KUNYIT TERHADAP BEBERAPA JENIS BAKTERI Vibrio sp.

  • Hamzah Hamzah Balai Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau Takalar
  • Alfa Astiana Afandi Balai Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau Takalar
  • Suarni Suarni Balai Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau Takalar

Abstrak

Pathogenic bacteria infection does not only occur in ponds but also occur in shrimp seed rearing ponds. shrimp farmers have already known the term firefly disease  caused by infection of Vibrio harveyi bacterium. Prevention of the growth of Vibrio sp. in water is important to avoid acute and chronic disease in shrimp. Population control of Vibrio sp. in water  can be done by using natural antibiotics derived from plants (herbs). There are many types of plants that contain antibacterial compounds or substances and have been widely used by humans.  the plants that could be  antibiotics are CPO, garlic and turmeric. Based on the results obtained from this study, it indicates  that garlic can inhibit the growth of V. harveyi, V. parahaemolitycus, and V. alginolitycus bacteria. The use of garlic in the  vanname shrimp seeds can result in the death of the shrimp. CPO and turmeric cannot be used as antibiotics against V. harveyiV. parahaemolitycus, and V. alginolitycus bacteria.

Kata Kunci: CPO, Bawang putih, Kunyit, Udang, Vibrio sp

##plugins.generic.usageStats.downloads##

##plugins.generic.usageStats.noStats##

Referensi

Pangemanan A, Fatimawali, Budiarso F. 2016. Uji daya hambat ekstrak rimpang kunyit (Curcuma longa) terhadap pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus dan Pseudomonas sp. Jurnal e-Biomedik 4(1): 81-85
Bayan L, Koulivand PH, Gorji A. 2013. Garlic: a review of potential therapeutic effects Avicenna J Phytomed 4(1): 1-14
Ilić DP, Nikolić VD, Nikolić LB, Stanković M, Stanojević LP, Cakić MD. 2011. Review: allicin and related compounds: biosynthesis, synthesis and pharmacological activity. Physics, Chemistry and Technology 9(1): 9-20
Fischer CL, Drake DR, Dawson DV, Blanchette DR, Brogden KA, Wertz PW. 2012. Antibacterial activity of sphingoid bases and fatty acids against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 56(3): 1157-1161
Hernawan EU. Setyawan A. 2003. Review: senyawa organosulfur bawang putih (Allium sativum L.) dan aktivitas biolgisnya. Biofarmasi 1(2): 65-76
Hidayati E, Juli N, Marwani E. 2002. Isolasi Enterobacteriaceae patogen dari makanan berbumbu dan tidak berbumbu kunyit (Curcuma longa L.) serta uji pengaruh ekstrak kunyit (Curcuma longa L.) terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri yang diisolasi. Jurnal Matematika dan Sains 7(2): 43-52
Lekshmi PNCJ, Viveka S, Jeeva S, Brindha RJ. 2015. Antimicrobial spectrum of Allium species-a review. History 15(44): 1-5
Kabara JJ. Medium-chain fatty acids and esters. In Branen, A. L. and P.M. Davidson, 1983. Antimicrobials in Foods. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York.
Muhlisin. 2014. Optimasi sabun cair antibakteri ekstrak etanol rimpang jahe merah (Zingiber officinale Roch.var. rubrum) dengan variasi crude palm oil (CPO) dan kalium hidroksida (KOH). [Skripsi]. Program Studi Farmasi. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tanjungpura. Pontianak
Panggabean SNBR, 2017. Uji aktivitas antibakteri dari hasil hidrolisis crude palm oil dan palm kernel oil. [Skripsi]. Program Studi Sarjana Farmasi. Fakultas Farmasi. Universitas Sumatera Utara. Medan
Ramadhani P, Erly E, Asterina A. 2018. Hambat ekstrak etanol rimpang kunyit (Curcuma domestica V.) terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Staphylococcus aureus secara In Vitro. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas 6(3): 590-595
Santhosha SG, Jamuna P, Prabhavathi SN. 2013. Bioactive components of garlic and their physiological role in health maintenance: a review. Food Bioscience 3(2013): 59-74
Said A. 2001. Khasiat & Manfaat Kunyit. PT. Sinar Wadja Lestari. Jakarta
Tarwiyah. 2001. Minyak atsiri jahe, http://www.ristek. go.id. Dikutip tgl 15.01.2021.
Wiryawan KG, Suharti S, Bintang M. 2005. Kajian antibakteri temulawak, jahe dan bawang putih terhadap Salmonella typhimurium serta pengaruh bawang putih terhadap performans dan respon imun ayam pedaging. Media Peternakan 28(2): 52-62
Lengka K, Manoppo, Kolopita MEF. 2013, Peningkatan respon imun non spesik ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio L) melalui pemberian bawang putih (Allium Sativum), Jurnal Budidaya Perairan 1(2): 21-28
Majewski M. 2014. Allium sativum: facts and myths regarding human health. Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny 65(1): 1-8
Onyeagba RA, Ugbogu OC, Okeke CU, Iroakasi O. 2004. Studies on the antimicrobial effects of garlic (Allium sativum Linn), ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and lime (Citrus aurantifolia Linn). African Journal of Biotechnology 3(10): 552-554
Uzodike E, Igwe I. 2005. Efficacy of garlic (Allium sativum) on Staphylococcus aureus conjunctivitis. Journal of the Nigerian Optometric Association 12(2005): 20-22
Lu X, Rasco BA, Jabal JM, Aston DE, Lin M, Konkel ME. 2011. Investigating antibacterial effects of garlic (Allium sativum) concentrate and garlic-derived organosulfur compounds on Campylobacter jejuni by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and electron microscopy. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77(15): 5257-5269
Diterbitkan
2021-07-07
Abstrak viewed = 37 times
pdf downloaded = 37 times