THE COMPARISON OF THEORETICAL PERFORMANCE OF AIR BLAST FREEZER USING HYDROFLUOROCARBON AND HYDROCARBON REFRIGERANTS

  • Yohanes Viva Servianus Universitas Nusa Cendana

Abstract

The air blast freezer has been used as a freezing method in fish processing units before being frozen for a long time in cold storage. For this reason, the use of hydrocarbon refrigerants that are more environmental friendly has become a demand and a central issue in the future. This paper presents a theoretical performance study of the use of R290 and R600a as a drop-in replacement to R404A and R507A. The theoretical performance of the system is based on the evaporation temperature variation using CoolPack software with the condensation temperature maintained constant. The important quantities analyzed are mass flow rate, pressure ratio, temperature discharge, heat rejected, power consumption, coefficient of performance, refrigeration efficiency, and energy consumption. The results show that at minimum evaporation temperature, system performance using R290 and R600a is on average ± 14% higher compared to R404A and R507A. R290 has characteristics that are closer to R404A and R507A so it is more suitable to replace the two refrigerants compared to R600a. However, this is a theoretical analysis of the system which can lead to higher performance than normal conditions.

Keywords: air blast freezer, performance, refrigeration, hydrofluorocarbon, hydrocarbon

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] Anonim, Buku Manual Cold Storage Kapasitas 100T DKP Kupang, Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan, Republik Indonesia, 2017, pp. 11-12, 27.
[2] El-Sayed A. R., El-Morsi M., and Mahmoud N A., A Review of the Potential Replacements of HCFC/HFCs Using Environmental Friendly Refrigerants, International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2018, pp. 1-24.
[3] Bhatkar V. W., Kriplani V. M., and Awari, G. K., Alternative Refrigerants in Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle for Sustainable Environment: A Review of Recent Research, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 10, 2013, pp. 871–880.
[4] Dwinanto M. M., Koehuan V. A., and Monteiro J. M., Analysis of Dual Evaporator Refrigeration System via Exergetic Performance Coefficient Criterion, Prosiding SEMNASTEK, 2015, hal. 1-17.
[5] Dwinanto M. M., Suhanan, and Prajitno, Exergy Analysis of a Dual-Evaporator Refrigeration Systems, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1788, 2017, pp. 030011:1–8.
[6] Shiliday, J. A., Tassou, S. A., and Shiliday, N., 2009, Comparative Energy and Exergy Analysis of R744, R404A and R290 Refrigeration Cycles, International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, 2009, 00: 1–8.
[7] Bukola O. B., and Zhongjie H., Comparative Analysis of the Performance of Hydrocarbon Refrigerants with R22 in A Sub-Cooling Heat Exchanger Refrigeration System, Journal of Power and Energy, Vol. 226, No. 7, 2012, pp. 882–891.
[8] Rasti M., Aghamiri S. F., and Hatamipour M. S., Energy efficiency enhancement of a domestic refrigerator using R436A and R600a as alternative refrigerants to R134a, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 74, 2013, pp. 86–94.
[9] Venkataiah S., and Rao G. V., Analysis of Alternative Refrigerants to R22 for Air-Conditioning Applications at Various Evaporating Temperatures, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2014, pp. 39–46.
[10] Prayudi, Nurhasanah R., and Diantari R. A., 2017, “The Effect the Effectiveness of the Liquid Suction Heat Exchanger to Performance of Cold Storage with Refrigerant R22, R404A and R290/R600a”, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1788, 2017, pp. 030067:1–8.
[11] Jakobsen A, Rasmussen B. D., Skovrup M. J., and Andersen, S. E., CoolPack–A Collection of Simulation Tools for Refrigeration, Department of Energy Engineering, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Denmark, 2001.
[12] Sencan A., Selbas R., Kizilkan O., and Kalogiru S. A., Thermodynamic analysis of subcooling and superheating effects of alternative refrigerants for vapour compression refrigeration cycles”, International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 30, 2006, pp. 323–347.
Published
2022-01-06
How to Cite
Servianus, Y. (2022). THE COMPARISON OF THEORETICAL PERFORMANCE OF AIR BLAST FREEZER USING HYDROFLUOROCARBON AND HYDROCARBON REFRIGERANTS. Machine : Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 7(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.33019/jm.v7i2.1833
Abstract viewed = 909 times
pdf (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 934 times