DESIGN OF CITRONELLA LEAF DISTILLERS USING THE STEAM HYDRODISTILLATION METHOD

  • Didik Sugiyanto Teknik Mesin Universitas Darma Persada
  • Yefri Chan Universitas Darma Persada
  • Fahmi Aldi
  • Hernando Christian

Abstract

This study aims to design and test the citronella leaf distillation tool by conducting experiments and testing the tools and test results. The parameters observed were heat transfer in the citronella leaf distillery produced by the tool, the results of the conduction heat transfer research in the distillation tank were 1,032.61 J/s (Joules per second) and heat transfer by natural convection in the distillation tank was 3,761.16 J/s (Joules per second) with an initial water temperature of 28°C to a specified temperature of 98°C. The distillation time of more than 5 hours will reduce the quality of the yield which is not up to standard. The effect of the part of lemongrass which produces a high yield percentage is on the leaves, while the high quality of citronella oil is on the leaves. % citronella citronella on fresh leaves was 67.36%, withered leaves were 44.92%.

Keywords: distillation, lemongrass leaves, steam distillation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] IG. Tirta dan I Pt. Agus Hendra Wi, Eksplorasi Tumbuhan yang Berpotensi Sebagai Penghasil Minyak Atsiri Di Lombok Timur-NTB, Jurnal Biologi Udayana, Maret 2017 Volume 21 No.1, hal: 12-16.
[2] Anna Juliarti1, Nurheni Wijayanto, Irdika Mansur, Trikoesoemaningtyas, Analisis Rendemen Minyak Serehwangi (Cymbopogon nardus L.) yang Ditanam dengan Pola Agroforestri dan Monokultur pada Lahan Revegetasi Pasca Tambang Batubara, Jurnal Sylva Lestari ISSN (print) 2339-0913 Vol. 8 No. 2, Mei 2020 (181-188)
[3] Novita Setya H, Aprilia Budiarti, dan Mahfud, Proses Pengambilan Minyak Atsiri Dari Daun Nilam Dengan Pemanfaatan Gelombang Mikro (Microwave), JURNAL TEKNIK ITS Vol. 1, No. 1 (Sept. 2012) ISSN: 2301-9271
[4] Donelian, A., Carlson, L. H. C., Lopes, T. J., & Machado, R. A. F. (2009). Comparison of extraction of patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) essential oil with supercritical CO 2 and by steam distillation. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 48(1), 15-20.
[5] Deguerry, F., Pastore, L., Wu, S., Clark, A., Chappell, J., & Schalk, M. (2006). The diverse sesquiterpene profile of patchouli, Pogostemon cablin, is correlated with a limited number of sesquiterpene synthases. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 454(2), 123-136.
[6] Isfaroiny, Rahma dan Mitarlis, Peningkatan Kadar Patchouli Alcohol Pada Minyak Nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth) Dengan Metode Distilasi Vakum, Skripsi Fakultas MIPA UNESA, Surabaya. J. Wang, “Fundamentals of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers arrays (Periodical style—Submitted for publication),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., didaftarkan untuk dipublikasikan (2005).
[7] Maryadi, Adhi, Pembutatan Bahan Acuan Minyak Nilam. Pusat Penelitian Sistem Mutu dan Teknologi Pengujian-LIPI. Serpong (2007)
[8] Guenther, Ernest, 1987. Minyak Atsiri Jilid I, Penerjemah Ketaren S., Cetakan I, Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.
[9] Rochim, A. 2009. Memproduksi 15 Jenis Minyak Atsiri Berkualitas. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta, Indonesia.
[10] Sulaswatty, A., Rusli, M. S., Abimanyu, H., and Silvester Tursiloadi. 2019. Menelusuri Jejak Minyak Serai Wangi dari Hulu sampai Hilir. in: Quo Vadis Minyak Serai Wangi dan Produk Turunannya, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) Press, Jakarta 1–12.
[11] Kamil, S. & Pawito. (1983). Termodinamika dan Perpindahan Panas. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
[12] Bernasconi, G., Gerster, H., Hauser, H., Stauble, H., & Schneiter, E. (1995). Teknologi Kimia Bagian 2. Terjemahan Lienda Handojo. Pradnya Paramita. Jakarta.
[13] Sembiring, B., and Manoi, F. 2015. Pengaruh Pelayuan dan Penyulingan terhadap Rendemen dan Mutu Minyak Serai Wangi (Cymbopogon nardus). in: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Swasembada Pangan Politeknik Negeri Lampung 447–452.
[14] Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 1998. Minyak Nilam. SNI 06-2385-1998. Jakarta: Badan Standardisasi Nasional.nd Int. Conf. on GEOMATE, 2011, pp. 8-13.
Published
2022-04-25
How to Cite
Sugiyanto, D., Chan, Y., Aldi, F., & Christian, H. (2022). DESIGN OF CITRONELLA LEAF DISTILLERS USING THE STEAM HYDRODISTILLATION METHOD. Machine : Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 8(1), 13-18. https://doi.org/10.33019/jm.v8i1.2212
Abstract viewed = 141 times
pdf (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 217 times